Discus Fish disease infection can be a very problematic issue because the species being a sensitive fish, most of the time succumbs to the illness. Therefore, it is very important to avoid coming to this situation at all cost because once infected, applying treatment can be very difficult because you will need the right medication or else things will end up fail. Seasoned aquarium discus fish breeder will tell you how hard it is when it comes to dealing with even with the most common disease.
“Hole in the Head” is very prevalent among cichlids and this includes discus as well. It is very important that once you diagnose the fish as suffering from it, treatment has to be administered immediately. Usually symptoms were shown as small pinhole size development seen on the head especially close to the eyes and mouth region. The affected fish will lose appetite and most of the times stay idle and inactive. The abrasion can actually spread and if treatment does not take effect, it will eventually lead to death. “Hole in the Head” is believed to be cause by protozoan infection, which is brought about by poor water quality. In order to deal with it, there are actually soluble antibiotic sold in pet stores, which can be mixed to the water. During addition of medicine, increase water temperature to 32 degree Celsius and keep the water well aerated. If antibiotic is effective, signs of recovery should be seen in a matter of 2 to 3 days.
Another common discus fish disease is gill fluke and till date, it is known as one of the most lethal of all diseases because the discus fish weak immune system can be slow to respond to treatment. Discus infected with the disease will show signs of abnormal breathing and the fish will easily get startled. In the worst case scenario, advanced stage will see the fish collapse on the aquarium floor surface unable to swim at all and the fish will turn into dark pale color. While there are limited form of treatment options available, there has been suggestion and recommendation suggesting that using formalin is effective to deal with it. Other remedies can include potassium permanganate in combination with fluke tabs and when administering treatment, make sure to repeat it in interval of 2 to 4 weeks after recovery in order to intercept any surviving larvae that will cause a relapse.
Finally despite all the different form of treatment which you can use, the best cure for all common discus fish disease is still “prevention”. The rule of thumb is to ensure water is clean all the time, the live foods is source from supplier who obtained it from clean source, and temperature must be maintained at the correct level. More information about having ideal tank water condition for your pet discus.